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Wolf
Wolf
An intelligent and freedom-loving predator, a relative of dogs of all breeds
Type: Chordates
Class: Mammals
Order: Predatory
Family: Dogs
Genus: Wolves
Species: Wolf
General Settings
  • Currently, there is no wolf in Japan and the British Isles. It is exterminated in France, the Netherlands, Belgium, Denmark, Switzerland and Germany.
  • Body length (excluding tail) - 105-160 cm, height at the withers-66-90 cm.
  • Weight – 30-60 kg. It can reach 80 kg in exceptional cases.
  • The main food of wolves is made up of ungulates: reindeer, elk, deer, roe deer, wild boar, antelope.
  • Life expectancy – up to 16 years.

The wolf is a typical predator, foraging for food by actively searching and chasing its prey. The wolf's teeth can withstand a load of more than 10 megapascals and are both its main weapon and a means of protection. Their loss to the wolf is disastrous and leads to starvation and loss of vitality.


Social behavior


For wolves, the family lifestyle is typical. They form pairs for an indefinite period of time. When new pairs are formed, fierce fights are started between the males, and the weaker opponent often dies. In a pack, only the dominant female can produce offspring, and the remaining females must sooner or later leave their native places.


Reproduction


In a litter there are from 3 to 13 puppies, wolf cubs are born blind and open their eyes only after 12-13 days. Although wolves are very caring parents, up to 60-80 % of young animals die in the first year of life.


Species and people


The wolf is a predator that people have always had to reckon with. It is usually a very cautious and circumspect animal, but if it is very hungry, it becomes unrestrainedly bold, which affects people and livestock.


Interesting Facts


Wolves eat 4.5 kg of meat a day, and in the case of successful production can eat up to 9 kg, but often for a long time they have to starve.

If necessary, the wolf develops a speed of up to 55-60 km/h and is able to make transitions of up to 60-80 km per night.

Current status in wildlife
  • Not
    evaluated
    NE
  • Data
    deficient
    DD
  • Data
    deficient
    lc
  • near
    threatened
    NT
  • vulnerable
    vu
  • endangered
    en
  • critically
    endangered
    cr
  • extinct
    in the wild
    ew
  • Extinct
    ex
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