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Sumatran orangutan
Sumatran orangutan
The Malays call him the forest man.
Type: Chordates
Class: Mammals
Order: Primates
Family: Hominids (People)
Genus: Orangutans
Species: Sumatran orangutan
General Settings
  • The orangutan lives on the island of Sumatra (Indonesia).
  • Growth from 125 to 150 cm.
  • Weight up to 90 kg.
  • Orangutans feed mainly on various parts of plants: fruits, leaves, buds, seeds, seedlings, flowers.
  • Life expectancy is 35-40 years, in some cases they live up to 50 years.

Orangutans are large anthropoids. Orangutans spend almost their entire life in trees, along which they move with the help of very long arms (span - up to 2 m), helping themselves with their legs.


Social behavior


Orangutans live in family-type harems of 3-5 individuals, although there are also single specimens. The members of the group know each other very well.


Reproduction


Pregnancy lasts about 8.5 months. 1, less often 2 cubs are born. Newborns weigh 1.5-2kg and are completely helpless. The baby clings to the mother's fur on the chest and sucks milk every 3-4 hours. When it reaches 4 months of age, its mother begins to feed him with a special "green puree" - thoroughly chewed plant matter.


Species and people


In ancient times, representatives of the nobility on the Indonesian islands kept one or even several orangutans for entertainment and prestige. And since it was almost impossible to catch an adult monkey, the catchers chased females with cubs. Mothers were killed while taking their babies. Such trapping had practically no effect on the number of orangutans until the Europeans got down to business, and most importantly, while the habitats of orangutans were intact.


Interesting Facts


Orangutans are so adapted to life in trees that they usually drink water from leaves, hollows, or simply lick off their wool after rain.

Communicating with each other, orangutans use 13 sounds, accompanying them with rich facial expressions and gestures.

Current status in wildlife
  • Not
    evaluated
    NE
  • Data
    deficient
    DD
  • Data
    deficient
    lc
  • near
    threatened
    NT
  • vulnerable
    vu
  • endangered
    en
  • critically
    endangered
    cr
  • extinct
    in the wild
    ew
  • Extinct
    ex
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