Select a category
en
live
Steppe Eland
Steppe Eland
The largest of the antelopes inhabiting the savannahs of South and East Africa.
Type: Chordates
Class: Mammals
Order: Artiodactyls
Family: Even-toed
Genus: Cannes
Species: Steppe Eland
General Settings
  • The habitat consists of Eastern, Central and Southern Africa.
  • Height – 1.8 m.
  • Weight – 400-1000 kg.
  • They feed on the foliage of trees and shrubs, sometimes grass.
  • Life expectancy-up to 25 years.

Eland has earned fame as the largest antelope in the world. The appearance of these animals paradoxically combines the heavy build of a bull and the slimness of an antelope.


Social behavior


Herds consist of an average of 25 individuals, but under favorable conditions can include up to 700 animals. Typically, groups consist of an adult male and several females, as well as young males and cubs.


Reproduction


The pregnancy of eland antelopes lasts 9 months. Before giving birth, the female leaves the herd, the calf is able to follow the mother from the first hours of life. Eland milk contains twice as much fat and protein compared to cow's milk, so calves grow quickly. The young animals form their own group, and at the age of two, the young animals join the adult herds.


Species and people


Thanks to the calm nature of the Eland quickly get used to people, their herds are easily managed, the animals can be tamed to manual milking. The only drawback is the jumping ability of antelopes, so pastures for them have to be fenced with a high fence. Antelope meat tastes as good as beef.


Interesting Facts


Compared to male eland antelopes, females move more.

As a rule, the female horns grow up to 63 cm, the male up to 126 cm.


Current status in wildlife
  • Not
    evaluated
    NE
  • Data
    deficient
    DD
  • Data
    deficient
    lc
  • near
    threatened
    NT
  • vulnerable
    vu
  • endangered
    en
  • critically
    endangered
    cr
  • extinct
    in the wild
    ew
  • Extinct
    ex
Zoo map