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Axis deer
Axis deer
Sika deer - Hua-Lu – this way in China they called spotted deer.
Type: Chordates
Class: Mammals
Order: Artiodactyls
Family: Deer
Genus: Real deer
Species: Axis deer
General Settings
  • Habitat - southern Primorye. In the early 30s of the twentieth century, it was brought to the middle zone of the European part of Russia, to some regions of Ukraine and the Caucasus.
  • The body length of males is about 2 m. Height at withers - 95-112 cm.
  • Weight - 75-130 kg. Females are smaller.
  • The basis of the diet is made up of herbs, leaves of trees and shrubs, bark, acorns.
  • Life expectancy is 10-14 years.

Axis deer are slender, lightly built animals. In summer these animals are red with white spots, in winter they are brownish. A deer's neck is decorated with a long "mane" in winter. The white spot located below the tail - the "mirror" - helps the deer not to lose sight of each other while moving in the forest.


Social behavior


Social organization is a herd. The borders of their herd, which reach several square kilometers, are marked and guarded by adults very carefully.


Reproduction


Females give birth to their first fawn at 2-3 years old. Usually one cub is born, sometimes two.


Species and people


Axis deer has the most valuable antlers - non-ossified antlers, which are used in the production of pantocrine, which is used in the treatment of the pancreas. It was for the sake of antlers that deer were savagely destroyed. Now the species is bred in nurseries and antlers are cut off from live animals.


Interesting Facts


Axis deer shed horns in April; in June, young antlers already have two or three tines.

In case of danger, a deer makes a sharp "hooligan whistle".

Current status in wildlife
  • Not
    evaluated
    NE
  • Data
    deficient
    DD
  • Data
    deficient
    lc
  • near
    threatened
    NT
  • vulnerable
    vu
  • endangered
    en
  • critically
    endangered
    cr
  • extinct
    in the wild
    ew
  • Extinct
    ex
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