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Spotted Hyena
Spotted Hyena
The famous laughing character of the cartoon "The Lion King".
Type: Chordates
Class: Mammals
Order: Predatory
Family: Hyenas
Genus: Spotted hyenas
Species: Spotted Hyena
General Settings
  • The spotted hyena is found throughout much of the sub-Saharan African continent.
  • Length-about 140 cm.
  • Weight – 70 kg.
  • The main food is the corpses of various animals and birds. But more often hyenas themselves arrange hunting for antelopes, zebras, gazelles and other ungulate mammals.
  • Life expectancy – up to 25 years, in some cases live up to 40 years.

The spotted hyena is a nocturnal animal. During the day, it sleeps or hides in secluded places: small caves, strange burrows or dense thickets.


Social behavior


Spotted hyenas live in family groups (clans), within which matriarchy reigns. All females, even those with a low position, are higher in the hierarchy than males. At the head of the clan is the dominant female.


Reproduction


Delivery occurs 14 weeks after mating. The female brings up to 7 cubs. Cubs are born sighted, with teeth. The babies are covered with short, single-colored fur, without spots. The milk is so nutritious that the cubs can go without food for up to a week. Often, the offspring are fed with milk up to 1.5 years.


Species and people


Spotted hyenas act as paramedics of the savanna, destroying the corpses of dead animals and thereby preventing the spread of all kinds of dangerous diseases.


Interesting Facts


The stomach juice of hyenas dissolves bones, tendons, skin, etc., not to mention various animal tissues.

Thanks to their sensitive sense of smell, hyenas are able to detect carrion from the downwind side at a distance of up to 4.2 km.

The only mammal in which, according to external sexual characteristics, it is impossible to distinguish a male from a female.

Current status in wildlife
  • Not
    evaluated
    NE
  • Data
    deficient
    DD
  • Data
    deficient
    lc
  • near
    threatened
    NT
  • vulnerable
    vu
  • endangered
    en
  • critically
    endangered
    cr
  • extinct
    in the wild
    ew
  • Extinct
    ex
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