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Marmoset common
Marmoset common
One of the smallest and most restless monkeys.
Type: Chordates
Class: Mammals
Order: Primates
Family: Gruntovye
Genus: Marmosets
Species: Common marmoset
General Settings
  • Common marmoset live in the north-eastern and central forests of Brazil, Argentina, and Uruguay.
  • The length of the body with the head is 18 -25 cm. The length of the tail is 29-35 cm.
  • Weight - 240-320 g.
  • The basis of the diet is tree sap, gum and latex, seeds and fruits, flowers, nectar and mushrooms. Insects and their larvae, small reptiles and amphibians, birds and their eggs are a source of protein and fat.
  • Life expectancy in captivity is up to 15 years.

The size of the common marmoset as a squirrel. The coat is long and soft to the touch. Adult animals have long hair tassels on their ears. In young animals, there are no brushes. Sexual dimorphism is not pronounced. On the fingers of the limbs there are claw-like nails that help the marmoset move along the trunks of trees.


Social behavior


Common marmosets live in family groups of 3-15 individuals, the basis of which is the parent pair with offspring. Conflicts between neighbors are usually resolved without fighting, but with the help of loud and threatening shouts. Scent marks are applied to the coat from the suprapubic gland.

There is a clear hierarchy in the group - one dominant breeding pair. The alpha male dominates the other males of the group, and the alpha female dominates the females.


Reproduction


Only the alpha female gives birth in the group. The father and other members of the group take an active part in the care of the little ones. The female gives birth twice a year. Pregnancy lasts about 144-146 days.

Usually two or three cubs are born, weighing about 25 g each. Newborns hold on to the fur on the mother's belly. After a week, the male begins to carry the cubs on his back and gives them to the female only for the feeding period. At 17-21 days, the cubs begin to actively explore the world around them.


Species and people


Common marmoset have long been caught for maintenance. Therefore, escaped animals form settlements where they have not been seen before. Monkeys adapt well in captivity. In domestic pet shelters, it is necessary to keep them only in pairs or families.


Interesting Facts


Cases of transmission of rabies pathogens and other infections dangerous to humans by marmoset have been noted. Marmoset are used in various biomedical research.

Current status in wildlife
  • Not
    evaluated
    NE
  • Data
    deficient
    DD
  • Data
    deficient
    lc
  • near
    threatened
    NT
  • vulnerable
    vu
  • endangered
    en
  • critically
    endangered
    cr
  • extinct
    in the wild
    ew
  • Extinct
    ex
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