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Alligator Mississippian
Alligator Mississippian
Lord of Florida's lakes and cypress swamps.
Type: Chordates
Class: Reptiles
Order: Crocodiles
Family: Alligators
Genus: Alligators
Species: alligator Mississippiensis
General Settings
  • Its habitat is in the southeastern part of the United States.
  • Length – 4.5 m.
  • Weight – 250-300 kg. , but sometimes more.
  • The diet includes frogs, snakes, and fish. Large individuals attack birds and fairly large mammals.
  • Life expectancy is 30-50 years.

The Mississippi alligator has a fairly long, but wide and flat snout. Four large occipital flaps are arranged two by two in two transverse rows. In the middle of the body – 8 longitudinal rows of dorsal shields. The bases of the toes of the forelimbs are connected by a swimming membrane.


Social behavior


For Mississippian alligators, the territory is divided between adult animals of each sex into individual plots. The areas of males and females overlap. Adult males have areas of 20-40 ha on which they move.


Reproduction


Females, preparing to lay eggs, build nests-mounds of torn grass with a diameter of about 1.5 m and a height of more than 0.5 m. At the top of the mound, a depression is made, in which the female lays her eggs. After laying 20-60 eggs, the female covers the nesting chamber with grass. Incubation of eggs lasts about 63 days. Shortly before hatching, the young begin to make croaking sounds inside the eggs, attracting the female, who digs out the nest. The female carries the babies hatched from the eggs in her mouth to the reservoir chosen (or dug up) by her in advance. It stays near young alligators for about 2 months, protecting them from enemies.


Species and people


Previously, Mississippian alligators were found in significant numbers in rivers, lakes and swamps. Then the number of this species declined sharply due to the mass extermination of these animals for their skin. Now fishing for alligators is prohibited, their numbers have recovered. Usually alligators avoid collisions with a person, but there are isolated cases of fatal attacks on a person.


Interesting Facts


Alligators constantly clean the ponds in which they live from excessive vegetation and thick mud, pushing it out and bringing it to the shore, creating "alligator ponds".

The record life expectancy of this species is 85 years, but possibly more.

Current status in wildlife
  • Not
    evaluated
    NE
  • Data
    deficient
    DD
  • Data
    deficient
    lc
  • near
    threatened
    NT
  • vulnerable
    vu
  • endangered
    en
  • critically
    endangered
    cr
  • extinct
    in the wild
    ew
  • Extinct
    ex
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