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Bactrian camel
Bactrian camel
In a sandstorm and in a snowstorm will not go astray.
Type: Chordates
Class: Mammals
Order: Artiodactyls (Callus)
Family: Camelids
Genus: Camels
Species: Bactrian camel
General Settings
  • Habitat - Mongolia, China.
  • Growth with humps - up to 2.7 m.
  • Weight about 500 kg.
  • They enjoy eating camel thorns, wild onions, barnyards, green leaves, poplar leaves, and reeds.
  • Life expectancy is up to 50 years.

These animals have a barrel-shaped body on long knobby legs, a long curved neck, a large head with expressive eyes, pubescent double rows of eyelashes and, of course, paired humps. 


Social behavior


Bactrian camels are kept in small herds of up to 20 heads, which consist of females and young animals, the leader is the dominant male. Often, adult males are found singly. 


Reproduction


After 13 months of pregnancy, the female gives birth to one camel. It weighs 35-45 kg. After a few hours, the newborn is able to follow the mother. It has small rudiments of humps without internal fat, but after a couple of months the humps take a vertical position and become rounded at the base.


Species and people


Currently, the wild bactrian camel population in Mongolia and China continues to decline due to poaching and competition with livestock. There are also domestic bactrian camels, which are common animals in Kazakhstan, partly Uzbekistan, Mongolia, southern Siberia, China and are used as a reliable vehicle in deserts and dry steppes.


Interesting Facts


A camel can survive by losing up to 40% of its body water (other animals die when 20% of its water is lost).

A camel starts to sweat when its body temperature reaches +41 ° C. At night, the camel's body temperature can drop to + 34 ° C.

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