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Brown Capuchin
Brown Capuchin
Monkey of "Stone Age", master chopping nuts with stones.
Type: Chordates
Class: Mammals
Order: Primates
Family: Prehensile-tailed monkeys
Genus: Capuchins
Species: Brown Capuchin
General Settings
  • It is distributed in South America and lives in the rainforests of eastern Brazil, as well as from Colombia and Venezuela to Guiana.
  • Body length-30-35 cm, tail 30-56 cm.
  • Weight-1,3-4,8 kg.
  • The menu of brown capuchins includes fruits, seeds, flower nectar, insects, spiders and small vertebrates.
  • Life expectancy-up to 45 years.

Capuchin brains make up about 1.9% of their total weight. For humans, this figure is about 2%, and for chimpanzees – 0.9%.


Social behavior


They keep groups of 10-30 individuals in a certain area. The group usually has an equal number of males and females, but sometimes more females. There is a separate hierarchy between males and females.


Reproduction


After 160-180 days of pregnancy, one cub is born, weighing 200-250 grams. The newborn is completely covered with fur, but it is helpless. It is firmly attached to the mother's coat for the first 5 weeks. At first, the baby is on the mother's stomach, and when it gets bigger, it moves to her back or shoulders.


Species and people


Brown capuchin habitats are being destroyed. Also, monkeys are killed for meat and caught for keeping at home. People kill an adult female who is carrying a cub and take the cub, which is prohibited by modern legislation.


Interesting Facts


Often "smother", rubbing the body with fragrant leaves and flowers.

They break the nut with stones, beat the hard fruit on the branches to soften it, and wipe the caught frogs with leaves before eating them.

Current status in wildlife
  • Not
    evaluated
    NE
  • Data
    deficient
    DD
  • Data
    deficient
    lc
  • near
    threatened
    NT
  • vulnerable
    vu
  • endangered
    en
  • critically
    endangered
    cr
  • extinct
    in the wild
    ew
  • Extinct
    ex