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Brown Bear
Brown Bear
The hero of many fairy tales and legends, a recognized symbol of power.
Type: Chordates
Class: Mammals
Order: Predatory
Family: Bearish
Genus: Bears
Species: Brown bear
General Settings
  • The habitat covers the entire forest and forest-tundra zones of Eurasia and Western North America. Through the mountains it even penetrates into the desert zone.
  • Body length - up to 2 m.
  • Weight - 250-300 kg. Representatives of the subspecies of the North Pacific can reach up to 700 kg.
  • The brown bear is an omnivorous animal, but the diet is dominated by plant foods.
  • Life expectancy is up to 30 years, in some cases up to 40 years.

The brown bear is one of the largest land predators. The head of the animal is heavy, the lips, like the nose, are black, the eyes are small, deep-set. The tail is very short, completely hidden in the fur. Claws are long, up to 10 cm, especially on the front legs, but slightly curved.



Social behavior


Brown bears are sedentary, although they can make seasonal migrations to places with an abundance of food. Each individual plot occupied by one animal can cover an area of up to several tens of square meters. km. The areas of males and females overlap. There are places within the site where the animal usually feeds, where it finds temporary shelters or lays in a den.


Reproduction


The cubs are born in a lair in January, weigh only about 500 g, are covered with sparse fur, with closed eyes and ears. The ear holes of the cubs are outlined by the end of the second week, after another 2 weeks the eyes open. All their first 2 months of life, they lie close to the mother, moving very little. Usually 2 bear cubs are born.


Species and people


Currently, the brown bear is not threatened with extinction, with the exception of some subspecies that live in Western Europe and Southwestern North America. In these places, animals are protected by law. Limited hunting is allowed in places where the animals are numerous.


Interesting Facts


About the senses - the brown bear has the best developed sense of smell, hearing is weaker, and vision is poor.

In lean years, in search of forage lands, a bear can walk 200-300 km. 

Current status in wildlife
  • Not
    evaluated
    NE
  • Data
    deficient
    DD
  • Data
    deficient
    lc
  • near
    threatened
    NT
  • vulnerable
    vu
  • endangered
    en
  • critically
    endangered
    cr
  • extinct
    in the wild
    ew
  • Extinct
    ex