Select a category
en
live
Asian Elephant
Asian Elephant
The elephant has an amazing organ that has no analogues in the animal world. It is the trunk.
Type: Chordates
Class: Mammals
Order: Proboscis
Family: Elephant
Genus: Asian elephant
Species: Asian elephant
General Settings
  • Habitat - the Indian subcontinent, Sri Lanka, Indochina and the islands of Southeast Asia, Sumatra.
  • Elephant height - 2.5-3.3 m.
  • Weight - 2.7-5.5 tons, sometimes up to 7 tons.
  • The basis of the diet is grass, shrubs.
  • Life expectancy is up to 50 years.

Thanks to its trunk and huge ears, the grey mighty giant is interesting for both children and adults.


Social behavior


Elephants have matrialchal groups, when the basis of society is formed by females who are consanguineous with offspring. Young males with reaching maturity are expelled from society. Adult males from time to time enter groups of females in search of a female in heat. Elephants live in social groups with very strong bonds. If one of the members of the group is injured, others come to  rescue it: they help it to get on its feet and walk, supporting from both sides.


Reproduction


After 22 months of pregnancy, a female elephant gives a birth to one small elephant weighing from 90 to 115 kg. The event takes place inside the herd, and soon all the members of the herd come up to greet him with a touch of their trunk. Elephants from one female are born every 4 or 5 years, often the interval is 2-3 years.


Species and people


The estimated number of Asian elephants in the wild is estimated at between 25,000 and 50,000. Deforestation, the use of savannahs by humans for their needs entails the reduction of these animals in the wild.


Interesting Facts


The large ears of the elephant act as radiators to prevent overheating. In hot weather, elephants spread their ears, or swing them, creating additional air movement.

For hygiene purposes, the elephants take mud baths. The drying mud forms a shell that crushes and destroys the parasites that inhabit the skin of animals.

Current status in wildlife
  • Not
    evaluated
    NE
  • Data
    deficient
    DD
  • Data
    deficient
    lc
  • near
    threatened
    NT
  • vulnerable
    vu
  • endangered
    en
  • critically
    endangered
    cr
  • extinct
    in the wild
    ew
  • Extinct
    ex