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Feeding of Birds in Winter

Winter is a difficult period for birds. Many people try to help them. The golden rule should be strictly observed: no salty, spicy, fumed, mouldy or fried food!


Universal food for birds are sunflower seeds (not cooked). Blue-tits, nutcrackers, grosbeaks and other birds will take them readily. Sparrow, too. Blue-tits and nutcrackers will be glad to have some pumkin seeds, melon or water-melon seeds. Some gardeners install "automatic" feeders of plastic bottles to ttract blue-tits and come once a week to fill them. Blue-tits look for hibernating insects, their larvae and eggs thus cleaning garden trees from pest.

Pigeons should be fed in order to attract them from feeders so that they would not interfere with feeding of smaller birds. Pigeons will readily take any kind of grits and crumbs of wheat bread.


Recommendations of storage of natural foods like cones, acorns or berries are not sensible. Birds will get such foods themselves. Birds that migrate in winter - waxbirds, snow-birds, bullfinches, redpolls, siskins- quit the place quickly  if there is shortage of food.

Jackdaws, rooks, crows and magpies make up populations that are equal to food wastes that they can find in cities. These strong and agile birds are always able to move to another region where there is more food.

Swans and ducks should not be fed because due to feeding they get lazy and do not migrate to the south preferring to get free food. Of you still want to feed them, give them any grain fodder for fowl instead of bread.